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Bihar, located in eastern India, is a state filled with rich culture, history, and natural beauty. From ancient ruins to religious sites, Bihar offers a plethora of must-visit destinations for travelers. This article will unveil the top 59 attractions in Bihar that should be on every traveler’s itinerary. Whether you are interested in history, spirituality, or picturesque landscapes, Bihar has something to offer for everyone.

Highlights and Must-Visit Destinations

Bihar is home to several attractions that have mesmerized tourists for years. Here are some of the top must-visit destinations in the state:

1. Bodh Gaya – This is the place where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, making it one of the most sacred Buddhist pilgrimage sites in the world.
2. Nalanda – Known for its ancient Nalanda University, a renowned learning center in ancient India.
3. Rajgir – Famous for its hot springs and ancient ruins, including the Gridhakuta Hill where Buddha preached his teachings.
4. Vaishali – An important historical site associated with Lord Mahavira and the birthplace of the renowned mathematician Aryabhata.
5. Patna – The capital city of Bihar with numerous historical landmarks, including the Patna Museum and the Golghar granary.

These are just a few examples of the many remarkable destinations Bihar has to offer. Each place holds its own unique allure and has a significant historical, cultural, or religious importance.

Getting There and Precautions

To reach Bihar, one can take a flight to the international airport in Patna or opt for trains or buses that connect major cities. While traveling within Bihar, it is advisable to take necessary precautions such as carrying identification documents, avoiding isolated areas at night, and being cautious of pickpockets in crowded places.

Accommodation and Local Cuisine

There are various options for accommodation in Bihar, ranging from budget hotels to luxury resorts. Some popular areas for tourists to stay include Patna, Bodh Gaya, and Rajgir. Bihar is known for its delicious cuisine, including local specialties such as Litti Chokha, Sattu Paratha, and Fish Curry. Don’t miss the opportunity to savor these delectable dishes during your visit.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Bihar is during the winter months from November to February when the weather is pleasant and suitable for exploring the attractions. Summers can be extremely hot, while monsoons bring heavy rainfall, which may disrupt outdoor activities.

Language and Communication

The primary language spoken in Bihar is Hindi, but Bihari dialects are also prevalent. English is understood and spoken by many people in urban areas and tourist places, making communication relatively easy for travelers.

Cultural Customs and Etiquette

Bihar is known for its warm hospitality and welcoming nature. It is important to respect local customs and traditions. Visitors should dress modestly when visiting religious sites and seek permission before taking photographs of people or holy places.

Other Must-Visit Destinations

Apart from the mentioned attractions, Bihar also offers several other must-visit destinations nearby. Some of these include:

– Pawapuri: A Jain pilgrimage site known for its beautiful temples and sacred Jal Mandir.
– Sasaram: Home to the majestic tomb of Sher Shah Suri, an architectural marvel.
– Madhubani: Famous for its exquisite Madhubani paintings, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of Bihar.
– Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary: A haven for wildlife enthusiasts, this sanctuary is home to various species of flora and fauna.
– Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary: A unique sanctuary where one can spot the endangered Gangetic dolphins.

Food and Dining Recommendations

When in Bihar, don’t miss the opportunity to try local delicacies. Some food recommendations include:

– Sattu-Paratha: A nutritious dish made with roasted gram flour and stuffed in a paratha.
– Litti Chokha: Traditional Bihari dish made with roasted wheat flour balls (litti) and mashed potatoes or eggplant (chokha).
– Thekua: A popular sweet made with wheat flour, jaggery, and dry fruits, often enjoyed during festivals.

Safety Precautions and Emergency Measures

While exploring Bihar, it is always important to prioritize safety. Some safety precautions to keep in mind include:

– Avoid traveling alone at night.
– Be cautious and aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded places.
– Carry a copy of your identification documents at all times.
– Have emergency contact numbers handy.

Traveler Experiences

Based on public reviews, travelers have had incredible experiences in Bihar. The serene and spiritual atmosphere of Bodh Gaya, the architectural wonders of Nalanda, and the cultural vibrancy of Vaishali have left a lasting impression on visitors. The stories of the locals and the historical significance of these places truly transport travelers to a bygone era.

Packing and Travel Essentials

When visiting Bihar, it is essential to pack the following items:

– Comfortable walking shoes
– Sunscreen and hat
– Medications and first aid kit
– Light clothing for summer visits and warm clothing for winter visits
– Insect repellent


Bihar is a state with a wealth of attractions, ranging from ancient ruins to spiritual sites and breathtaking landscapes. With its rich history, diverse culture, and warm hospitality, Bihar offers a unique and enriching travel experience. From exploring the birthplace of Buddhism in Bodh Gaya to delving into the ancient history of Nalanda, Bihar has something for every avid traveler.

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