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Kerala, often referred to as “God’s Own Country,” is a picturesque state in India known for its stunning rivers and lakes. The enchanting waterways that weave through this region offer a unique and mesmerizing experience for travelers. From serene backwaters to vibrant riverbanks, Kerala’s rivers and lakes showcase nature’s splendor at its finest. In this ultimate guide, we will explore the must-visit destinations in Kerala, highlighting their attractions and specialities.

Attractions and Highlights

1. Backwaters of Alleppey: This network of canals, lagoons, and lakes is a paradise for nature lovers. Cruise along the serene backwaters on a traditional houseboat, known as a “kettuvallam,” and witness the lush greenery and charming villages that line the shores.

2. Periyar Lake: Nestled in Thekkady, this scenic lake lies amidst the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. Take a boat ride on the lake to spot exotic wildlife like elephants, tigers, and deer. The majestic backdrop of dense forests adds to the allure of this place.

3. Ashtamudi Lake: Located in Kollam, this vast lake is known for its eight branches (hence the name “Ashtamudi”). Explore the charming islands, traditional fishing villages, and historic ports that dot the lake’s shores.

4. Vembanad Lake: The largest lake in Kerala, Vembanad is famous for its breathtaking beauty and abundant birdlife. Take a leisurely cruise on the lake, witness the dazzling sunset, and indulge in waterfront dining at the lakeside resorts.

5. Pamba River: Regarded as one of the holiest rivers in Kerala, Pamba is frequented by pilgrims during the Sabarimala pilgrimage. Apart from its religious significance, the river also offers opportunities for river rafting and boating, allowing visitors to appreciate the scenic surroundings.

How to Reach and Things to Consider

To reach these enchanting rivers and lakes, the nearest international airport is Cochin International Airport. From there, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to your desired destination. Remember to carry insect repellent, sunscreen, and a hat to protect yourself from the sun. Additionally, it is essential to check the local weather conditions before planning your trip.

Accommodation and Food Specialities

Kerala offers a wide range of accommodation options near its rivers and lakes. From luxury resorts with breathtaking views to budget-friendly guesthouses, there is something to suit every traveler’s preference. Some popular choices include lakeside cottages, houseboats, and eco-lodges.

When it comes to food, Kerala is a paradise for food lovers. Don’t miss the traditional Kerala-style “sadhya” (a lavish vegetarian feast), fresh seafood delicacies, and coconut-based curries. Indulge in local treats like appam, puttu, and banana chips, which are specialties of the region.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to explore Kerala’s rivers and lakes is during the winter season, from November to February. The weather is pleasant, and the water levels are ideal for cruising and enjoying outdoor activities. Avoid visiting during the monsoon season (June to August) as heavy rainfall may disrupt your plans.

Language and Communication Tips

The official language of Kerala is Malayalam, but English is widely spoken, especially in tourist areas. Learning a few basic Malayalam phrases like greetings and thank you will make your interactions with locals more enjoyable. Carry a pocket phrasebook or use translation apps to overcome any language barriers.

Cultural Customs and Etiquette Guidance

Kerala has a rich cultural heritage, and respecting local customs is important. When visiting religious sites, dress modestly and remove your footwear. It is customary to greet people with a “Namaste” or a handshake. Avoid public displays of affection, as such behavior may be perceived as disrespectful.

Must-Visit Destinations Nearby

1. Munnar: Known for its sprawling tea plantations and misty mountains, Munnar is a scenic hill station located a few hours away from the rivers and lakes of Kerala.

2. Kochi: This vibrant city is a melting pot of cultures, offering attractions like the historic Fort Kochi, Chinese fishing nets, and delicious seafood.

3. Kumarakom: Located near Vembanad Lake, Kumarakom is a serene village known for its bird sanctuary, houseboat cruises, and traditional Ayurvedic treatments.

4. Kovalam: Famous for its pristine beaches and rejuvenating Ayurvedic resorts, Kovalam is an ideal destination for relaxation and beachside adventures.

5. Wayanad: Nestled in the Western Ghats, Wayanad is known for its lush green forests, wildlife sanctuaries, and trekking trails.

Food and Dining Recommendations

– Try the traditional Kerala Sadhya, a vegetarian feast served on a banana leaf, usually during festivals or special occasions.
– Sample the local delicacies like appam with stew, puttu with kadala curry, and fish curry with steamed rice.
– Don’t miss the refreshing tender coconut water, freshly squeezed fruit juices, and traditional snacks like banana chips.

Safety Precautions and Emergency Measures

– Carry a first aid kit with essentials like band-aids, antiseptic cream, and medication for common ailments.
– Stay hydrated and carry a water bottle to prevent dehydration, especially during outdoor activities.
– Follow safety instructions while participating in adventure activities like river rafting or trekking and wear appropriate safety gear.

Traveler Experiences Summary

Visitors to Kerala’s rivers and lakes have consistently lauded the region’s natural beauty, tranquility, and warm hospitality. Many travelers have shared their experiences of cruising along the backwaters, staying in comfortable houseboats, and immersing themselves in the serene surroundings. The breathtaking sunsets, abundant wildlife, and delicious local cuisine have left an indelible mark on their memories.

Packing and Travel Essentials

– Lightweight clothing, including comfortable cotton shirts and trousers.
– Sunscreen, sunglasses, and a hat to protect from the tropical sun.
– Insect repellent to ward off mosquitoes and other bugs.
– A light rain jacket or umbrella for unexpected showers.
– Comfortable walking shoes or sandals for exploring.
– A waterproof phone case or a dry bag for electronics near water bodies.


Kerala’s enchanting rivers and lakes offer a magical experience for travelers seeking serenity and natural beauty. From cruising along the backwaters of Alleppey to spotting wildlife at Periyar Lake, each destination has its own unique charm. Indulge in the local cuisine, explore nearby attractions, and immerse yourself in the cultural customs of Kerala. Plan your visit during the winter season for the best weather and memorable experiences. Enjoy this rewarding journey through Kerala’s most captivating waterways.

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